Although weed struggle has been done recently with medicines, it is necessary to do hoeing. Our ancestors paid serious attention to hoeing. In fact, they reinforced the importance of anchor with the aphorism that 'one water for two anchors and one fertilizer for three anchors'.
Hoeing is a priority application for weed control in plants planted in rows such as corn, sugar beet, cotton, tomato, pepper. Hoeing was one of the hardest jobs in the past. At the same time, serious labor was needed for hoeing. Nowadays, in the cultivation of anchor plants planted in line with air seeders, the spacing can be honed with milling anchors or modifiecultivators from the beginning. After machine hoeing, a fine hoeing is enough when necessary.
The benefit of the anchor to water is in fact related to the aeration of the soil and the breaking of the capillary pipes. The killing of weeds that consume water during the hoeing initiated for weed control provides significant water savings. Isn't it necessary to make hoe even if it's not grass? Of course it should. As the soil is aerated, the roots can go deeper. Therefore, the plant supplies water from a much wider soil mass. The hoe to be made after watering or rain will air the roots and the roots can work deeply as our farmer says. Plants that can find plenty of water in the deep can maintain their greenness for a long time after the anchor.
After irrigation, the soil sits and thin capillary pipes are formed inside which resemble capillaries. As the end of the capillary pipes comes into contact with air, the water evaporates and the absorption force formed on the surface draws water in the soil like siphon and causes it to evaporate. Anchor made after irrigation or rain breaks the end of the capillary pipes in the upper part of the soil and cuts contact with air. Therefore, water is preserved in the soil and used only by plants. Water saving forms the basis of the dust anchor in the vineyards, olive and orchards.
The aphorism that two anchors replace water is related to the aeration and soil aeration and the roots can go deeper. It is also the same that the three anchors replace the fertilizer. The roots, which spread over a larger soil volume in the aerated soil, take advantage of the wider soil mass, so they can attract more water and plant nutrients dissolved in the water.
Our farmer, who used to hoe the whole field by hand, is trying to reduce or eliminate the hoeing process with herbicides even though he has a machine today. However, since organic matter decreases in our soil, the positive effects of anchor increase even more. Especially in products that are not watered or watered once, such as sunflower, the second dust anchor increases yield by half. Not better than fertilizer?