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The history of silage production, which is of great importance in its history, dates back to very ancient times. It is known that the silo of both grain grains and Yesil plants of those periods. In the ancient mural in Egypt, M.He. It is shown that the Egyptians in the years 1000-1500 also siloed plant products. In the Romans, this is said in some inscriptions that have remained; in Mediterranean countries, it was filled and stored in wells with Yesil.
Feeds rich in green and water are fermented and stored in airless areas with the help of bacteria formed by milk acid silo, the food obtained at the end of this data process is also called silo feed or silage. Silage is also described as animal pickle. Silage is a high nutritional additive feed for ruminants (such as cattle and sheep). As it is packaged, it does not affect moisture and bad smell. It is a fermented form of Yesil and green and granular corn. These ferments and silos, or silaging, require quite a process, as they are called putting in the warehouse. All green plants (grain only) are used and corn and other grains are included, as well as grass plants, silage is also made from yesilek plant. (Oats, Clover, dry grass). Silage develops in the development of animal husbandry, ensuring its high efficiency for milk production, and feed costs are considered for the use of animals, along with the feeding of silage with feeds.
Silage form period is when a forage plant is ready for silage. In silage of irrigated plants, such as maize and sorghum, if the irrigation sets that will interfere with the form of the fields are broken, they must be flattened and prepared for the form of the field. If you have a fixed concrete silo before starting silage, the cracks formed are plastered and closed. The silage is 3.5-4 m wide and the length is 5-10 cm thick according to the size diameter of the silage you will make and is laid as a stem-straw. Straw will prevent silage contact with the soil. There is no need to put a nylon cover on the floor in particular. Trailers must also be surrounded by 2 axles, 4 wheels, as well as a cover or thin-hole wire cage. Trailers filled with mown silage plants are also connected to the back part of a tractor and silage is taken to the silo on the ground to empty.
An efficient feeding, one of the most important conditions of doing this will be a balanced feeding of animals. Fattening and milk values of animals fed with fresh Yesil and water-rich plants are also high. But in the last stages, the number of pastures where the animals reach fresh Yesil plants has also decreased significantly. In addition to this situation, it has become difficult to find Yesil forage in summer and winter. For this reason, it has been tried to provide silage feed by not getting enough nutrients in its animals in nutrition. Silage bait is a bait made from pickles by jamming yesilage in stuffy areas. When making silage feed, plants retain their freshness for a long time when there is a decrease in vitamin values. As a good smell and taste, animals love this food and eat it with an appetite. Silage is made from all green Yesil plants that animals eat. Of course it is the most quality and economical silage from the corn plant.
Silage without animals is unthinkable, cattle, buffalo, sheep , goats, such as ruminant animals feeding, roughage is of great importance. Because the digestive system of these animals is coarse feed, the use of kesif feeds, which are more expensive than the general fact that they are abundant and cheap, reduces slightly and provides great economic benefits to the business. In feed-related expenses, the sum is 60-70% of operating expenses. In order to determine the October date of maize to be grown for silage purposes, it is important to know the first and last frost dates, air temperature and the date when the front plant left the field. If tillage methods vary depending on the condition of the front plant with the cultivation of corn as the main and second crop. May April July June and July as the second crop cultivation is.the second crop cultivation is in the months of June and July in the irrigated areas of silage maize as the crop is different according to these regions. the second crop cultivation is in the months of April and May as well as in the months of June and July.