WHAT IS TILLAGE?
Tillage is an event in which seeds can be planted, plants can grow, loosening, crumbling and mixing with any means to bring the soil to a suitable state and protect it
WHY IS THE SOIL PROCESSED?
The purpose of tillage; soil type, tillage time, alternation, planted plant genus, climatic conditions vary according to. However, the aim of urinating the soil in general is to increase the effects of the main factors such as water, air, temperature and nutrients necessary for the development of cultivated plants and to regulate them in accordance with the wishes of the plants.
In batter areas, in a short time of heavy rainfall, the surface soil flows in a flood with precipitation waters. The purpose of tillage in this case should be to control surface flow and erosion.
The purpose of soil tillage on fallow lands during intense rainfall the soil surface by loosening the soil to enable rainfall to infiltrate into the soil like a sponge and; also, by killing weeds and duzleyer the soil surface during the dry months, to prevent the evaporation of water in the soil.
Tillage tools can be collected in 4 groups according to the way they work and their effects on the soil:
1. Tools That Work By Knocking Down The Soil
Tools such as socked plough, front chisel plough, Rotary socked plough and lister plough fall into this group. These tools cut the soil into strips and overturn it by turning it upside down. With these tools, the release should be made while the soil is in the ceiling.
What Happens If The Earth Is Not In The Pan?
If the soil is wetter than the annealing State, large and shiny surface pouches are formed. If the soil is drier than the pan, large and hard sacs are formed that break away from the cracks.
How Should I Pack In Batter Land?
If these tools are made in the direction of the slope, the waters flow faster in the furrows that occur, increasing erosion.
Tools That Work By Tearing The Soil From The Bottom
Tools such as Crowbar, Anatolian plough and swallowtail work by tearing the soil from the bottom. Tools in this group are used in tillage after the first version, rather than in the first version, such as stubble spoiling.
Tools That Work By Tearing The Soil Upright
Cizel and dipkazan are the main tools that fall into this group. These tools are used to break the base of the plough formed in heavy soils.
Tools That Work By Mixing Soil
Tools such as disc plough, vanvey, discaro, offset disc, milling machine are processed by mixing the soil. These tools work well in Stony, sandy, shallow and light soils and soils with excess plant residues on the surface. These tools are not recommended for use on agricultural land open to water and wind erosion, as they make the soil flour-small.
At What Depth Should The Soil Be Processed?
As the depth of tillage increases, the required towing power also increases, so that more fuel is spent and the engine is forced. For this reason, deeper versions should not be made.
20 cm depth stubble with eared plough is suitable, while 13-15 cm depth is sufficient after a summer product.
WHEN TO PROCESS THE SOIL?
Tillage time varies according to the October vigil (alternation) system and purpose. Where fallow is applied, the first release is made as soon as the Earth pan arrives in early spring. Later summer versions are made according to the grazing state of the field.In the fields planted every year, release should be made in the shade immediately after the grain harvest to prepare the seed bed of a product such as vetch or lentils planted in winter. In the same way, if the grain is to be planted immediately after a product, the seed bed should be prepared by making the release immediately after the harvest of this product. If a summer crop is to be planted after grains, the stubble spoiling process is done before winter.
WHAT IS TAV?
In case of annealing, minimum draw strength is required, the soil does not infect tools, the soil disperses like halva during release, large sacs do not occur.
Soil should not be wetter and drier than annealing.