Soil compaction, soil property
dynamic load or
the way the soil grains are arranged under pressure
it breaks down again and is closer to each other.
The cycle of formulations is equal to the porosity and void ratio
decreasing and increasing soil volume weight
(Demiralay, 1977; Allmaras et al.,
1993; Swan et al., 1994). The grains of earth
raindrops in their closer settlements
soil impact, tillage, sowing and harvesting
farm animals on the ground
The forces arising from its mobility are effective.
The degree of soil compaction with these tools and machines
Loyalty. Tools and machines are heavy or
light, soil dry or moist, coarse or fine
soil of tillage tools and machines
processing style and duration of action affect soil compaction
Soil compaction of the plant in vegetative production
It is a physical factor that prevents its development. Made
studies have shown that 80 kPa and above soil compaction
revealed that it inhibits root growth in plants.
(Bowen and Coble, 1967; Okursoy, 1992). Godwin
(1990), although it varies for different products,
Earth resistances between 0.9-1.5 MPa (9-15 bar)
It limits root development. Similar
below 35% of the vacancy rate in the soil.
(Okursoy, 1992; 2000) and macro pores
Soil less than 10% harmful to plants
congestion occurs (Gupta et al.,
1990; Hakansson and Lipiec, 2000).
Soil compaction stated these negative sides
some agricultural activities cannot benefit
It can appear as an application. Especially
Printed seeders in article in Central Anatolia
moisture to decrease per unit volume in the seed bed in sowing
spreading, seed germination period
getting enough moisture from his brain.
In addition, in soils that lose their useful water very quickly,
pulling the base or roller after the seed is planted
Crushing jam. The purpose of this jam is,
as far as possible from the seedbed.
soil moving upward by capillary uplift
to bring it closer to the water and to ensure germination. Its
from the downpours in dry periods
to increase utilization (Munsuz, 1985).
Soil Properties Affecting Soil Compaction
The most important soil affecting soil compaction
The mixture is the moisture content of the soil. Soil texture, soil
structure and the amount of organic matter in the soil also
Its important features are (Demiralay, 1977;
Jones, 1995; Özdemir, 1998; Stiegler, 2001).
When soil moisture is too low
high viscosity of soil-water solution or soil
high cohesion of grains
energy energy is shifting to soil grains
cannot be highly effective and low to low
a jam is achieved. Soil moisture is certain
When it is increased in proportions, its energy will provide
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