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Power Linx - Dual Power Hitch / New Holland

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Added by Admin in Tractors & Farm Machinery
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Since clover has a deep root system, a deep soil cultivation should be done in autumn.
The field, which passes the winter in this way, should be treated superficially with the disc and crow in order to prepare a good seed bed and kill weeds in the spring, and then the soil should be crumbled with fine rake. After this process, the soil surface should be pressed by passing the roller. If fertilizer is to be given to the soil (farm manure and phosphorus fertilizer), it should be given during the tillage in autumn.
Clover cultivation should be done after tillage. When planting alfalfa, planting time should be determined first. Alfalfa cultivation can be done in autumn and spring. Fall cultivation carries some risks in regions with cool and cold climate conditions. Alfalfa seedlings that germinate in autumn planting are very sensitive to the cold in the year they are planted. For this reason, alfalfa seedlings planted in autumn can suffer much from the cold that will occur because they will enter the winter without completing their development. Spring planting should be done in the period when the late frosts in the spring come to an end and spring precipitation and soil reach a certain temperature and pan. For a good root and stem development in alfalfa, planting should be done at least one month before the dry period. The alfalfa seed to be planted must be disease free and certified.
Alfalfa sowing machines (seeders) are sown in rows or by spreading. The average row spacing distance should be 18-20 cm, depending on the cultivation conditions and regions in seeder and clover planting. Since the alfalfa plant has small seeds, it should be planted at a depth of 1.5-2 cm in heavily built soils and 2.5-3.5 cm in lightly constructed soils. Otherwise, the water, oxygen and temperature required for seed germination cannot adequately meet and germinate. Even if they germinate, they cannot die and die due to the lack of oxygen, temperature and spare nutrients stored in the seed.
The amount of seed to be planted per unit area should be determined according to soil and climate conditions, sowing method and biological values ​​of the seed. 2-3 kg / da seed should be used if alfalfa is planted with seed drill, 3-4 kg / da if seed planting will be done. In some cases, alfalfa can be planted mixed with grain, such as barley, wheat, oats, or annual greens. In this case, the amount of seed to be planted depends on the purpose of the production and whether it is grown alone or in a mixture. If sowing will be done for seed production, the amount of seed to be used should be less than that for sowing.
If necessary, a method called vaccination should be applied before planting alfalfa seeds. There are bacteria in the soil that can benefit from free nitrogen. The purpose of vaccination; Enriching the soil with these bacteria by planting legume forage crops. This process consists of reproducing the bacterial variety operating at the root of the legume forage plant planted in the field and feeding it to the soil. In an alfalfa growing area, if clover has been planted before, the soil does not need to be vaccinated. Vaccination can be done in both seed and soil. If vaccination is to be applied to the seed, 1 kg of bacterial culture should be used for 100 kg of alfalfa seeds. Seeds are soaked in a shaded area with sugar water and bacterial culture is mixed in the seed. Then wet seeds are planted in the field before they dry. If grafting will be applied to the soil, two different methods can be applied. In the first method, 100 gr bacteria culture is mixed with 5 kg cotton pulp and applied to the field. In the second method, 100 g of bacterial culture is mixed with 15 liters of water and applied to the field with a thick-tip spraying pump. Both methods should be done at sunset or before rain.
Maintenance
The main maintenance processes in alfalfa cultivation are irrigation, fertilization, disease, pest and weed control.
Irrigation: Clover is a plant that needs more water. Yield in alfalfa is directly proportional to irrigation. Clover is a plant with a long growing season and giving more than one form in one season. It forms a large amount of green parts in every form and grows fast. Therefore, it consumes approximately 800 liters of water to produce 1 kg of dry matter. For these reasons, it is absolutely necessary to water the clover plant in places where there is insufficient rainfall during the growing period. In general, clover should be watered twice each form, one week before and one week after the form.
Sprinkler irrigation method: This method is widely used in modern production facilities. In the sprinkler irrigation system, water taken from a source is distributed to the field in a balanced manner with the equipment of the irrigation system.
Keel irrigation method: This method is widely used in areas with abundant water. In the release irrigation method, clover should not be left under water for a long time. Otherwise, the roots of the clover under water cannot get air, yellowing and drying will occur. In addition, if it is not done in accordance with the release irrigation technique, dilutions are seen in the areas where water accumulates in the field. This event is called clover aqueduct. With this situation

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