Shipwrecks usually have three main causes. One of them is that it hit a barrier and sank, taking on water. The second is a fire or explosion on the ship and a giant wave capsizing the ship.
The Titanic was considered a decidedly unsinkable ship at the time it was built. Experts assessed the accident 100 years later with new methods.
Major shipwrecks usually have three main causes. One of them, just like on the Titanic 100 years ago, is that it hit a barrier and sank, taking on water. The second is to have a fire or explosion on board. Apart from that, giant waves capsized the ship.
“In all three scenarios, the only way the ship won't sink is if the ships are made up of interwoven and watertight sections,” says Professor Peter Bronsart, of Rostock University's Shipbuilding department.:
"So that if a crack occurs, the amount of water entangled in the ship can be controlled. This system requires the ship to be divided into longitudinal, transverse and perpendicular sections. This automatically adds a few more hulls to the ship, which is a necessary measure to increase endurance.”
End of the giant ship
In the walls separating these compartments from one, there are quick closing and waterproofing decks. Titanic, for example, had 15 partition walls and 16 separate partitions. The first 5 sections in front, however, were torn apart during a collision with the iceberg. On the ship, which started to lie on its side by taking water from the nose, as a result of the low bulkheads, the water that filled in comfortably filled the other sections and brought the end of the giant ship. According to Professor Bronsart, this partitioning provides great safety not only in the danger of water intake but also in the control of the fire.
But Olle Rutgersson of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, who is developing new concepts for cruise safety, thinks that despite all these compartments, the ships are not hard enough to capsize:
"My personal view is that the luxury cruise ships probably made today are no more robust than the Titanic. The biggest mistake made on the Titanic was that the waterproof walls were not made high enough. Had the walls been made higher, the ship probably would not have sunk.”
Fate of the Costa Concordia
Olle Rutgersson notes that the fate of the Costa Concordia, which ran aground off the coast of Italy's Toscana on January 13, proves that modern cruise ships are no more robust than the Titanic:
“As we all saw, the cruiser could not resist the crack in its hull. In fact, I'd say the Costa Concordia sank faster and more dangerously than the Titanic. Because it capsized.”
Rutgersson believes that in order to improve navigational safety, the handrail should be built higher and the outer hull of the ship should be completely covered with units capable of staying above water. Commercial concerns, however, make these measures negligible. Because the operators of ships, large ships, large windows can be viewed from the staterooms are important to install. On freighters, the double hull is being waived to avoid reducing its carrying capacity.
Professor Bronsart believes that despite all its weaknesses, ships are the safest means of travel. Because with modern navigation techniques and accurate weather forecasts, the probability of accidents can be minimized. Bronsart therefore says that 80 percent of shipwrecks occur from crew error...